Thu, 31 Jan 13 00:00:00 +0000
The Atacama Desert in the North of Chile has been a valuable destination for journeys for a long time.
The environment of this region has been compared with the surface of the Mars and some of the bizarre rock formations and imposing landscapes of the area give the impression to be living in a different world.
It seems incredible that there are enough resources in this inhabitable part of the earth to nurture one of the most fascinating ancient cultures that was ever discovered. The village Chinchorro in the north of Chile and in Peru was a village of fishermen who have settled in the very west of the Atacama Desert since about 10.000 years.
The Chinchorro were half-nomades and studying their remains has demonstrated that their diet almost completely consisted of seafood, the only way to solve the problem of the lack of alimentation in the Atacama.
The most ancient mummies in the world.
The most fascinating part of the Chinchorro culture, however, is their relation with the dead – disproving the idea that the Egypt were the ones to first practice the mummification. The sophistication and various methods of the Chinchorro to preserve the dead were[...]
Thu, 03 Jan 13 00:00:00 +0000
The high number of celebrations and festivities is impressive. Religious, agricultural or popular celebration, on every opportunity the region is full of dances, music, singing and traditions of different origins.In the north, for example, there and many festivities that take place in villages of the highlands. Some of the most important festivals are:-The carnival in Putre: Before the Cuaresma is celebrated on the last days of February, the Aymaras of the surrounding villages in the highland meet up in Putre to celebrate the colorful carnival. A great part of the dances, the clothing and the rhythms that accompany the feast are Andean traditions.-The celebration of the Pachamama (Mother Earth): In almost all the communes in the north of Chile is celebrated the Pachamama in August, a thanksgiving to the Mother Earth for its gifts, for taking care of the animals and for protecting especially the small villages. With different rituals the men demonstrate the importance of and the respect for the nature.-The Tirana: Every July 16th a small village in the dry north of Chile is decorated with beautiful colors and religious devotion. Heathenish dances are mixed with godliness, and[...]
Fri, 07 Dec 12 00:00:00 +0000
The Regions of the PlantsAccording to the main forms of vegetation, in the Altiplano there are three different regions:The so called Tolar Andino mainly consists of low bushes. The most dominant species of bushes are the Tolas and between the numerous herbaceaus plants grows the Chachacoma. Akso you can find different types of cactus plants which underline the beauty of the highlands when they florish.The Pajonal Andino is formed by indeciduous grasses and many small herbs. The most common species are the Paja Brava, which was used for roof constructions, and the Iru.The Bofedales (wetlands) are constantly humid areas where vegetation grows with high density due to the organic and peaty soil. Some of the characteristical species are the Paco, the Sora and the Colipaco. The most notable Bofedal is close to Parinacota, and its high productivity allows the existence of an impressive fauna.Another typical form of vegetation that once was in danger of extinction is the llareta, a plant that was used as combustible due to its high content of resin.Birds and MammalsThe ecosystem of the Altiplano is a paradise for many different kinds of birds, mammals and insects that adapted to the[...]